A half-shaded circle or square indicates that a person is a carrier of the trait. A completely shaded circle or square indicates that a person expresses the trait. A circle or square that is not shaded indicates that a person neither expresses the trait nor is a carrier of the trait.
Is shaded dominant or recessive?
For example, having a widow’s peak hairline is dominant. If an individual has that trait, their symbol on the pedigree will be shaded in. If they have no widow’s peak, their symbol will not be shaded in because having no widow’s peak is recessive.
What does a black circle mean in a pedigree?
White circles are females. A trait in one generation. In this family pedigree, black squares indicate the presence of a particular trait in a male, and white squares represent males without the trait. White circles are females.
What does a circle represent in a pedigree?
In a pedigree, a circle represents a female, and a square represents a male. A filled-in circle or square shows that the individual has the trait being studied. The horizontal line that connects a circle and a square represents a marriage.
What do circles represent in a pedigree chart?
A pedigree chart displays a family tree, and shows the members of the family who are affected by a genetic trait. This chart shows four generations of a family with four individuals who are affected by a form of colorblindness. Circles represent females and squares represent males.
What does a half filled circle on a pedigree mean?
A half-filled circle shows a heterozygous female for the disease allele or alleles and a half-filled square indicates a heterozygous male for the trait. These heterozygous individuals are known as carriers of the particular disease allele or trait.
What does the diagonal line mean in a pedigree?
Here is a pedigree. Females are circles. … A diagonal line through a circle or square means the person has died.