Thinking about having a baby? If you have a family health history that includes a birth defect, developmental disability, newborn screening disorder, or genetic disease, you might be more likely to have a baby with this condition.
Why is family history important in pregnancy?
Taking your family health history can help you make important health decisions. It can help you learn about the health of your baby even before he’s born! Knowing about health conditions before or early in pregnancy can help you and your health care provider decide on treatments and care for your baby.
What genetic disorders in the family history could be of concern when a patient is pregnant?
Familial risk factors can include a family history of single gene disorders such as muscular dystrophy, cystic fibrosis, sickle cell disease, and Fragile X syndrome [12, 13], chromosomal abnormalities, unexplained mental retardation, multiple miscarriages, and major birth defects.
How do genetics affect pregnancy?
Genes and chromosomes sometimes change or have missing or extra parts. This can cause serious health conditions and birth defects in your baby. You can have tests before and during pregnancy to find out of your baby is at risk for or has certain genetic conditions and birth defects.
Why is family history important?
A genetic pedigree captures details about the health of multiple generations. This information can be important in diagnosing an inherited condition, revealing a pattern of inheritance, and informing clinical decisions regarding testing and management.
What is the importance of gathering family health history?
A family health history can identify people with a higher-than-usual chance of having common disorders, such as heart disease, high blood pressure, stroke, certain cancers, and type 2 diabetes. These complex disorders are influenced by a combination of genetic factors, environmental conditions, and lifestyle choices.
How does learning about family ancestors impact you in the present and future?
Learning the history of our ancestors helps us gain a greater understanding of the challenges they faced, and it often inspires greater love and compassion for their flaws and mistakes. This compassion can easily translate to our relationships with the living, within our families and outside them.
What are the 4 main causes of birth defects?
What causes birth defects?
- Genetics. One or more genes might have a change or mutation that prevents them from working properly. …
- Chromosomal problems. …
- Exposures to medicines, chemicals, or other toxic substances. …
- Infections during pregnancy. …
- Lack of certain nutrients.
What are the chances of having a child with genetic disorder?
Autosomal recessive inheritance: Two unaffected people who each carry one copy of the altered gene for an autosomal recessive disorder (carriers) have a 25 percent chance with each pregnancy of having a child affected by the disorder.
Why is medical history important in pregnancy?
A patient’s past medical history is particularly relevant during pregnancy, as some medical conditions may worsen during pregnancy and/or have implications for the developing fetus.
What are the 5 most common birth defects?
CDC Lists Top 6 Types of Birth Defects
- Genetic defects (Down syndrome and other conditions): 6,916 babies per year.
- Mouth/facial defects (cleft lip and/or cleft palate): 6,776 babies per year.
- Heart defects: 6,527 babies per year.
- Musculoskeletal defects (including arm/leg defects): 5,799 babies per year.
How do birth defects affect families?
Caring for a child with a birth defect can negatively impact the physical and mental health of parents and caregivers. Many parents experience significant depression, fear and anxiety, which may have a devastating effect on the whole family if left untreated.
What are signs of good genetics?
Good gene indicators are hypothesized to include masculinity, physical attractiveness, muscularity, symmetry, intelligence, and “confrontativeness” (Gangestad, Garver-Apgar, and Simpson, 2007).
What family history is needed for pregnancy?
Learn about both parents’ family health history to give your baby the best start possible. If either of you have a family health history of a birth defect, developmental disability, newborn screening disorder, or genetic disease, your baby might be more likely to have this condition.
What are the benefits of knowing your family history?
Here are 5 life-changing benefits of knowing your family history:
- It gives you a sense of identity. Nothing is more eye-opening than learning about who you are. …
- It makes you more resilient. Let’s face it, life is hard. …
- It helps you connect with others. …
- It makes you a better human. …
- It helps you make good health choices.
What is family history?
A family history is a record of medical information about an individual and their biological family. Human genetic data is becoming more prevalent and easy to obtain. Increasingly, this data is being used to identify individuals who are at increased risk for developing genetic disorders that run in families.